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"Wine and coffee are packed with antioxidants which are known to protect our bodies from damage caused by free radicals," explained registered dietitian Keri Gans to The Daily Meal. "Research on antioxidants has shown several health benefits, including the possibility they may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, improve cognitive function, decrease risk of dementia, and lower the risk of heart disease."
For the last 15 years, Kawas and her team have been examining the health and habits of 1,700 people over the age of 90, to determine what makes it more likely that people will live to that age.
Here are the key findings Kawas presented. Two of them are especially surprising.
Two of the habits that helped preserve lives the most? Drinking alcohol and coffee. Yes, you read that right - those who drank moderate amounts of alcohol or coffee every day were likely to live longer than those who abstained. Those who consumed about two glasses daily of beer or wine were 18 percent more likely to live longer, while coffee drinkers were 10 percent more likely to outlive their peers.
By the way, if you or someone you know is approaching 90 years or older, the 90+ Study is looking for more participants.
“The 90+ Study”研究对1600名90岁以上老年人的生活习惯以及其他可能令他们长寿的因素进行了评估。研究人员每六个月与参与者碰面，对他们进行各种神经学、神经心理学、认知和身体方面的检查。研究人员还收集了参与者的饮食、生活方式、病史等相关信息。
We should spend a little bit of extra time on what's probably the most surprising finding: the one that suggests drinking alcohol improves longevity.
Moderate drinking can be beneficial according to other studies - so long as it's moderate.
If you want to live long and prosper, step one is to make sure you "live long."
"I have no explanation for it, but I do firmly believe that modest drinking improves longevity," Kawas was quoted as saying by the British newspaper The Independent.
So should we all be drinking more coffee and wine? While that would be great news, the research may not be as definitive as it seems.
Follow this story to get the best new articles from Inc. on this topic.
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The 90+ Study evaluated more than 1,600 people over the age of 90 for their lifestyle habits and other qualities that might have contributed to their longevity. Participants were visited every six months, when they were given various neurological, neuropsychological, cognitive, and physical tests. Researchers also collected information about the participants' diets, lifestyles, and medical histories, among other things.
By Bill Murphy Jr.
The cohort is called simply, The 90+ Study, and it's ongoing (details below if you know someone over 90 who might want to join).
Participants in the 90+ Study who consumed the equivalent of two glasses of beer or wine per day were 18 percent less likely to experience premature death. (More on this one below).
英国注册营养师珍妮弗?马科维茨对美食网站“每日一餐”表示：“大多数关于饮酒的研究都是观察性的，包括‘The 90+ Study’，所以我们可以得出的结论仅限于饮酒与健康长寿是有某些关联的。我很好奇，喝咖啡和饮酒的人在其他重要的生活习惯和方式上是否都是共同的，这些因素也可能影响他们的寿命。”
They drank alcohol.
In other words, it might not be the booze and coffee that's helping people live longer. That being said, the two substances do have some considerable health benefits.
We've seen recently that drinking lots of coffee makes a long life more likely. (Also, never smoke.)
"Most studies about alcohol consumption, including The 90+ Study, are observational, so we can only say that something about drinking is associated with health and longevity," registered dietitian Jennifer Markowitz told The Daily Meal. "I'd be curious to see if the coffee and alcohol drinkers shared other important habits or lifestyle factors that might also play into their longevity."
Requirements: You must be able to participate in two annual visits with researchers, and you also have to be willing to donate your brain to research after death. You can call (949) 768-3635 in the United States or email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.